This Week’s Most Viewed Papers
Each day thousands of Academia.edu users scour the site, discovering new research topics and catching wind of trending papers.
Here’s what sparked the curiosity of Academia.edu users this week:
Total Views: 2,884
Dietrich, like Madonna, has been called gender-bending and androgynous, but Dietrich’s on- and off-screen fluidity of gender identity, as reflected in her adoption of the “double drag,” upsets the traditional dichotomy encoded more generally as that of male or female and more particularly as that of the butch or femme.
Total Views: 333
It has recently hit the news that the US government might be collecting information about the networked behavior of millions of individuals, as part of the effort to preempt terror actions. If real, such massive collection of data is only possible because users have been herded into centralized information systems that are more easily tapped by all sorts of prying eyes. In the past, before the internet, it would not be possible to mine all physical items of personal communication of large populations, due to the sheer complexity and cost of it. But the past is gone and, for now, we propose a novel architecture for networked information systems, around the notion of SOCIAL MACHINES, making it far easier for users to control access to their data and, for most purposes, including government spying on individuals, significantly increase the cost and complexity of information gathering from personal sources if not authorized by their true owners.
It is a popularly accepted that the classical Western civilizations, Greece and Rome contributed to much of what is now the modern world. Our writing system, legal system, system of governance, democracy, science, medicine civil works and engineering, architectural forms among others has their roots in the classical civilizations. However when the Vandals finally conquered the Western Roman Empire and Rome fell in 476 when Romulus Augustus, the last Roman Emperor was deposed by Odoacer, a Germanic chieftain. This signalled the end of the classical period in Western history. And with it all learning and scholarship, did it really?
Since 1982, Southeast Asia has experienced almost annual ‘haze’ pollution, caused by smoke from grass, forest and peat fires mostly in Indonesia. The haze affects the health of some 75 million people and the economies of six ASEAN nations. It is the region’s first transboundary environmental crisis that ASEAN is attempting to address collectively. This paper will address this debate using interviews and material compiled during fieldwork in Singapore. While Singapore was one of the first countries to propose a common regional approach to the haze, this paper will illustrate how Singapore has in fact been constrained by the ASEAN Way while engaging with Indonesia and ASEAN. This is reflected in terms of its behavior at the ASEAN forum, statements made, and actions taken. As a result, Singapore has often resorted to other means of engagement, like bilateral and track-two engagement. As Singapore is one of the major ‘victims’ in this equation, this paper serves as important piece of the broader puzzle of why haze management in ASEAN has been less than effective.
Total Views: 9,635
The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of the methodological issues relating tothe study of politics. The chapter will examine the logic, approaches and methods thatunderpin the study of politics. It will explain the relationship between logic, approaches and methods in political science research. The chapter will review the nature, features and basic assumptions underlying each of the three methodological issues surrounding the study of politics, and provide an understanding of how these issues frame the study of politics.
Total Views: 2,076
According to Chell & Ozkan, (2010), an entrepreneur is someone who is willing to bear the risk of a business venture where there is a significant chance for making profit. Entrepreneurship is basically the practice of starting a business in order to earn profit on new found opportunities. Entrepreneurship is a challenging task as many businesses which start fail to take off. Entrepreneurship has many uncertainties especially when new products are created for which there is no existing market. Entrepreneurship affects economic growth in various ways. It is through entrepreneurship that important innovations enter the market leading to new products or production process which eventually increases efficiency through bringing competition in the market. This paper discourses the impact of entrepreneurship on economic growth. Ideas and concepts that emerge from entrepreneurs increase our knowledge and what consumers may prefer through introducing variations of existing products and services in the market.
Total Views: 6,413
This paper is related to stress a discussion between the concept of tourism and touristpatrimony. Even though many researcher have investigated this issue just a few havequestioned the meaning indeed. Most likely, there would be some aspects and limitationwhich were not be considered on this etymological study. If so, they will be pending forfutures essays (approaches).
Total Views: 3,172
1960s ad men needed to tap into contemporary culture for advertising ideas. Taking psychedelics was one way to do that.
Total Views: 5,788
Medicinal plants are the richest bioresource of drugs for traditional systems of medicine, modern medicines, nutraceuticals, food supplements, folk medicines, pharmaceutical intermediates and chemical entities for synthetic drugs. Aromatic plants are a source of fragrances, flavors, cosmeceuticals, health beverages and chemical terpenes. Medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) are traded as such in bulk from many developing countries for further value addition in developed countries. The first step in the value addition of MAP bioresources is the production of herbal drug preparations (i.e. extracts), using a variety of methods from simple traditional technologies to advanced extraction techniques. This book is intended to equip emerging and developing countries with techniques of extraction that can help them to produce economical and globally competitive quality extracts.
Total Views: 418
Through the Arab Spring and the Occupy movement, the idea of horizontal, leaderless organization has come to the attention of the mass media. In this article we explore radical, participative democratic alternatives to leadership through an empirical study of four Social Movement Organizations (SMOs). Whilst there has been some writing on leadership within SMOs, it has mirrored the ‘mainstream’ assumption that leadership is the product of individual leaders possessing certain traits, styles and/or behaviours. In contrast, critical leadership studies (CLS) recognize that leadership is a relational, socially constructed phenomenon rather than the result of a stable set of leadership attributes that inhere in ‘the leaders’. We utilize this framing to analyse how leadership is understood and performed in anarchist SMOs by examining how actors manage meaning and define reality without compromising the ideological commitments of their organizations.